Old year, new years day and right after that -  Warneton and Bas-Warneton

Adolf Hitler’s regiment has a 4 days rest.

January 3 - Messines area

January 6 -  Messines

The regiment goes to the village of Messines for a rest. They find shelter in the ‘Kloster’ and in cellars of different houses. Adolf Hitler is part of the regiment staff, that had headquarters at the Betlehem Ferme.

January 9 -  Messines

The regiment goes back to the front line near Messines.

January 24 - Messines

The ‘Befehlstelle’ of the first batallion lays under fire. The commanders go to new ‘Stützpunkte’ at the ‘Bad- und Mittelferme’.

January 30 - Messines, Comines, Warneton

The regiment gets replaced.

- It stays near Befehlstelle Lugferme.

- Some companies stays at the front line.

- Some companies go to Messines and Warneton.

- Some go to the Kellerferme.

- The regimentsstaf is at Messines or Comines.

Somewhere in February – St. Elooi

Hitler’s Regiment, says Hitler in a letter, is ‘left’ of Eloi (‘where the English were beaten’). This must be St. Elooi (Belgium), south of Ieper. There’s a war memorial on the Armetierseweg. Near St. Elooi, along the the Voormezelestraat, is the location of the Bayernwald, but that’s not ‘left of Eloi’.

February - Messines

February 5 -  Wervicq

The first batallion marches through Werwicq to the crossing near Molière, because king Ludwig III comes there to visit the troops.

March - Comines

According to a vague description the regiment or parts of it spent 6 days in Comines.

March 8/9 - Tourcoing (Meijers book says March 6)

At night the regiment is replaced. They go to Tourcoing to serve as Reserve Troops. Their location is the ‘Kronprinz-Rupprecht-Kazerne’ at the Rue de Chènes Houpline (an old spinnery). They rest for 14 days.

On March 10 –13 the battle of  Neuve-Chapelle took place. The British aim was to capture the village of Neuve-Chapelle. They were succesful, but the efforts stagnated after having taking just 1100 meters of land. About 13.000 British and 12.000 German soldiers were killed. Two British war cemeteries are on the Rue du Moulin just outside Neuve-Chapelle.

March 10 - Battle of Neuve-Chapelle

To get to Neuve-Chapelle the German List-regiment got transported towards Lille by train. They went to Marquilles by train. The troops were stationed at: Wicres (there’s still a German war cemetery there), Le Willy and Sainghin. After that the regiment took part of the battle of Neuve-Chapelle. The 1st and 3rd batallion went through the woods of Biez to reach Neuve-Chapelle. The regiments staf was located at the so called Ferme de Biez (location unknown). The troops travelled from Halpegarbe, through the wood, where they waited at the edge of the wood for the attack. The 1st batallion got to the crossing, southwest of Neuve Chapelle, but the enemy was not longer at the eastside of the villlage, but on the fields southwest of the woods of Biez.

March 12/13 - Battle of Neuve-Chapelle

The trenches in the area are enlarged, but the Germans are not able to take the village.

March 13/14 - Marquillies

At night the regiments marches from the front lines to Marquillies: Quartier at Salomé. The shelter for the 1st batallion was at Petit Hantay and La Bourse. The Regiment staf goes to Grand and Petit Moisnil.



Lille Tourcoing weergeven op een grotere kaart

WARNETON - BAS-WARNETON (FRANCE-BELGIUM)

Warneton - Bas-Warneton

Location: Unknown

On December 31, 1914 Adolf Hitler’s regiment goes to Warneton - Bas-Warneton for a rest of four days.


NEUVE-CHAPELLE (FRANCE)

English War Cemeteries

Location: Rue du Moulin, behind the houses (signs lead the way)

Today: Still there

Hitler's regiment was in the battle of Neuve-Chapelle in 1915. The English tried to capture the village. A lot of soldiers died in the battle of 1915. They are burried on these graveyards.

The English Cemeteries in Neuve-Chapelle. The Left picture shows both of them (right next to the trees in the background is the second one) (pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2009) The fields around the graveyards with the village of Neuve-Chapelle in the background. The cemeteries are on the English side of the village. The Woods of Biez are on the other side (behind the village).  (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009)

Neuve Chapelle weergeven op een grotere kaart

A complete ruïned street of Neuve-Chapelle, after the battle

(picture: ww1battlefields.co.uk)

Bois du Biez (woods of Biez)

Location: Rue du bois du Biez

Today: Still there

The first and third batallion of Hitler’s regiment went through the Bois du Biez (woods of Biez) and waited on the edge of the woods for the attack on Neuve-Chapelle. The regiment staff was located at the Ferme de Biez. Hitler must have been there.

There are still bunkers in

the Bois du Biez.

(picture: ww1battlefields.co.uk)

Ferme de Biez

Location: Unknown

Today: Unknown

During the battle of Neuve-Chapelle the regiment staff was located at the Ferme de Biez. Hitler must have been there. The farm probably was near the woods of Biez.

Between March 14 and 17 - Marquillies - Lille

Adolf Hitler’s regiment is replaced and travels back towards Lille. They travel from Marquillies to Lille by train.

March 17 until May 1915 - Fromelles

On March 17 the regiment goes back to Fromelles.

Locations in Fromelles: Rote Banke, Ferme Deleval (area Rue Deleval). The ‘Befehlstelle’is located at Fromelles-Nord, 1100 meters west of the Rote Banke. The second ‘Befehlestelle’ (‘Bayern’) was located southeast of Deleval Ferme. The Regiments Befehlstelle was at the Schloß Fromelles in the cellar of a house opposite to a Sanitätsunterstand. The Regiment Staff was at a house of a notary in the so called Münsterstrasse (number 50). The Regiment Ordonanzen stay at the house of Schwarzen Marie.

April 22 -  Second Battle of Ieper

Hitler's regiment takes part in the Second Battle of Ieper. During that battle the Germans used gas for the first time, surprising the allied forces.

May 2 – May 8/9 - Front (Fournes-en-Weppes)

The 1st batallion is at the front. As a member of the regiment staff Adolf Hitler was not at the front, but probably in Fournes-en-Weppes.

May 8/9 - Fournes-en-Weppes

At night the troops go to Fournes. Hitler is said to have made several drawings of a house called ‘Zur Schwarzen Marie’. The house was named after its hostess. The regiment staff was stationed in Fournes-en-Weppes.

May 9 (about 10 o’clock) - Fournes area

Parts of the List regiment ar back at the front. On May 9/10 there’s some heavy fighting going on in the area. Adolf Hitler was stationed in the village of Fournes-en-Weppes.

May 10/11 - Fournes-en-Weppes

The 2nd and 3rd batallion go back to Fournes (partly). Adolf Hitler remains stationed at the Regiment Staff Building.

May 12/13 - Fournes-en-Weppes

At night the batallions are back at the front line.

May 13-19 - Fournes-en-Weppes and La Bassee

The 3rd batallion leaves for La Bassee in this period. It’s not sure but Adolf Hitler probably stayed in Fournes.

May 17 - Fournes-en-Weppes and La Bassee

At night the 9th and 10th company go to La Bassee.

May 18 - Violaines

Some of the troops arrive at Violaines. They find shelter in a ‘hof’ (a public garden).

Around May 26 - Fromelles

The Regiment Staff is located at Fromelles. Adolf Hitler probably was with the rest of the staff.

May 29 - Wavrin and La Bassee

The second company goes to Wavrin and later on to La Bassee.

May – September - Fromelles

The regiment stays in the Fromelles area. Some batallions go to La Bassee sometimes.

July 13 - La Bassee

A training takes place at La Bassee. If Adolf Hitler went to La Bassee in this periode is not known.

September 24/25 - Battle of La Bassee

The 1st and 3rd company join the other troops at La Bassee. It’s very likely the Regiment Staff travelled with them.

October 2-8 - La Bassee

Parts of the regiment are at La Bassee, near the channel, southwest of Auchy. If Hitler was here remains uncertain. He probably was in La Bassee though.

October 7 - Hitler switches companies

Hitler becomes a member of the 3rd company. He’s still a member of the 1st batallion.

Autumn 1915  - La Bassee

Hitler was at La Bassee in the autumn of 1915. It’s not clear when he went there exactly, because the companies of the regiment went there on different dates.

Winter 1915-1916 - Fromelles

In November and December it’s pretty quiet at the front in Fromelles. Most likely, Adolf Hitler and his regiment were back at Fromelles in the winter.



FOURNES-EN-WEPPES (FRANCE)


Fournes en Weppes weergeven op een grotere kaart

Above: Hitler in the Rue Faidherbe, 1915 (picture: Meijer, 1934)

Centre, above:  The 1st company at the Schloßallee in Fournes, May 1915 (picture: Solleder, 1932)

Centre, below:  Graveyard German soldiers in 1915 in Fournes

(picture: Solleder, 1932)

Right: The church of Fournes

(picture: Meijer, 1934)

Above and right: Hitler and  his fellow-couriers in Fournes  in April 1915 Above: Hitler is sitting on the left. (picture: Russel, 2006) Right: Hitler is standing on the right. (picture: Russel, 2006) Fournes, Regiment Building 1916 (picture: Russel, 2006) Fournes, Regiment Building 1940 (picture: Heinrich Hoffmann) Fournes, Regiment Building, date unknown, Hitler alone  (picture: Russel, 2006) Fournes, 1915, Hitler is the second one form the right Fournes, Regiment Building. The couriers of the regiment: Hitler is in the front row on the left. (picture: Weber, 2010) Inside the Regiment Building. Max Amann is on the front row, on the right. Hitler is not on this picture. (picture: Weber, 2010) The Regiment building until recently. The picture on the right shows the garden, with the same wall as in ‘14-’18 The regiment building in 2009. The Mairie was closed, so I couldn’t get behind the building. When the gate is open, it should be easy to take a look behind the building. It seems like the garden walls are still there.  (pictures: the Hitler Pages, 2009) Hitler was back at the butchery in Fournes-en-Weppes in 1940. (pictures: Heinrich Hoffmann) The picture on the right shows guards in front of the house.

Brewery Le Febre

Location: Unknown

This location is connected to the rumour of Hitler being a homosexual. All that can be said is that the location is indeed a location Fournes that had to do with the German troops of WW1. The Erinnerungsblätter of the List Regiment (Solleder, 1932) mention the location. Hitler must have been there, since the village is not that big. But that is, off course, no proof of Hitler’s assumed feelings for the male gender.

Chateau/ Schloss

Location: Unknown, but there is a Avenue du Chateau in the village

The Erinnerungsblätter of the List Regiment (Solleder, 1932) mention the castle of Fournes as a place where German troops of commanders were stationed. According to Weber (2010) Hitler worked at the castle of Fromelles (and not Founes) for three days and at the regiment headquarters in Fournes for three days a week. Where the castle was, remains a mystery.

Unterstand

Location: Unknown

Hitler made sketches of an Unterstand (shelter) in 1915. Russel (2006) says the Unterstand was near Fromelles. Joachimsthaler (1989) thinks it’s the Ruhequartier of the German Ordonanzen in Fournes, called Zur Schwarzen Marie. Fournes and Fromelles are not that far apart, though. The sketches were coloured and worked over by an artist after 1933.


Three drawings of the Unterstand ‘Zur Schwarzen Marie’. The first one looks a little different, but it must be the same house from a slightly different perspective. The coloured drawing (Russel 2006) is worked over by an artist after 1933. The bike of the first sketch (Joachimsthaler, 1989) and the plank standing against the wall of the second (Joachimsthaler, 1989) are both of the third picture. All three pictures show the same stairs next to the house.


A look of what’s behind the farm (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009) The exact same farm today (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009) Hitler in Fromelles in 1940 Could this be the same farm as the one drawn by Hitler?  (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009) A drawing made by Hitler (probably redone) of a farm in Fromelles, that was the ‘Verbandplatz’ of the regiment of Hitler in 1915. (Russel, 2006) A drawing Hitler made near Fromelles. The aquarel ‘Haus mit weissem Zaun’ is made northwest of Fromelles, near the ‘Roten Banke’, in 1915. A lot of drawings of Adolf Hitler were redone or coloured by another artist after 1933. (Russel, 2006)

Rote Banke and the House mit weissem Zaun

Location: Rue Delval (on the corner of the road to Pétillon) Look at the map for the exact locations.

Today: Unknown, but there are still houses there.

Hitler knew the area the Germans called the Rote Banke very well. He drew a picture of the ‘Haus mit weissem Zaun’ that was also on the Rue Delval.


FROMELLES (FRANCE)                                          more about Fromelles here

A map of the front near Fromelles, May 1915

(Solleder, 1932)


Fromelles May 1915 weergeven op een grotere kaart

Fromelles 1916

(picture: Meijer, 1934)

The Graveyard

(picture: Meijer, 1934)

The church of Fromelles

(picture: Meijer, 1934)

House between Fromelles and Aubers

(picture: Meijer, 1934)

A trench near Fromelles

(picture: Joachimsthaler, 1989)

Shelters near Fromelles

(picture: Solleder, 1934)

House on the Gartenstrasse between Fromelles and Aubers, 1916

(picture: Solleder, 1932)

House between Fromelles and Aubers

(picture: Meijer, 1934)

Trenches near Fromelles in May 1915

(picture: Joachimsthaler, 1989)

This map shows the Gefechtsbefehlstelle of RIR 16 in Fromelles and the location of the Regimentsstab building in Fournes in 1915. (Joachimsthaler, 1989)

The Bunker on the road between Fromelles and Aubers (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2007) Close-up of the bunker (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2007) The bunker is a German bunker indeed,  but there are no pictures of Hitler visiting this bunker in 1940. It’s sure though that he knew this area very well...  (pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2007) Hitler visited this bunker in 1940  (pictures: Heinrich Hoffmann)

The bunker today

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2007)

Befehlstelle Bayern

Location: Unknown

The book Adolf Meijer made about the First World War shows a picture of the Befehlstelle Bayern. Hitler must have know the place.


Befehlstelle Bayern  (picture: Meijer, 1934) Dachau, near Fromelles (picture: Meijer, 1934)

Dachau

Location: Rue Delval (look at the map for the exact location)

Today: Unknown

The Germans gave German names to the locations of the area’s they were at. An area at one of the ends of the Rue Delval was called Dachau. Every Meldegänger in the area must have known the place.


The Deleval Ferme  (picture: Solleder, 1932)

Deleval Ferme

Location: Rue Delval (exact location unknown)

Today: Unknown

Another marking point in the area was the Deleval Ferme.  


Senling  (picture: Meijer, 1934)

Senling of Pionierpark Sendling

Location: Somewhere behind the front line

The book of Adolf Meijer shows a picture of a place called Senling. It’s another location that might be hard to find back. Adolf Meyer met Hitler for the second time at the Pionierpark Sendling. He writes that on this occasion Hitler had to bring officers from the Pionierpark to the front.  


Stützpunkt Starnberg

Location: Somewhere between the Deleval-Ferme (Rue Deleval) and the front line

Today: Unknown

Adolf Meyer, who wrote the book ‘Mit Adolf Hitler im Bayerischen Reserve Infanterie Regiment 16 List’ says that he met Hitler here in 1915 for the first time.

The Spital in Fromelles  (picture: Solleder, 1932)

Truppenverbandplatz

Location: Unknown

Another building Solleder mentions is the Spital or Truppenverbandplatz, a fieldhospital, in Fromelles.   


The station of Fromelles  (picture: Meijer, 1934)

Fromelles Station

Location: Unknown

There’s no railway running through Fromelles anymore. In WW1 there was. The picture below shows a ruïned station.   


Since Hitler had become a dispatch runner in November 1914, he spent most of his time at the regiment headquarters. That means that he did not take part of the action that took place in the front line. In the beginning of 1915 Hitler was in Messines, but the maps of the Messines area are on the 1914 page. After Messines Hitler’s regiment went to the region of Neuve-Chapelle in France. After that the headquarters of the regiment were located at Fournes-en-Weppes and Fromelles. In both places still are buildings where Hitler lived when he was a soldier. In 1940 he went back to these villages. The World War 2 pages of the Belgium and France section of this website show more of that period.

BELGIUM and FRANCE

1914 - 1915 - 1916 - 1917 - 1918

FIRST WORLD WAR 1915

MESEN (MESSINES) (BELGIUM)

Whereabouts of Hitler’s regiment in november/december 1914

Location: Rijselstraat, Kortemooistraat. The regiment is in the trenches or is building new ones in the area.

Today: The rebuilt Betlehem Farm and the rebuilt church are still there.

From January 6 until the beginning of March the regiment is mainly in the region of Mesen. For pictures look here.

When the regiment is replaced and split up to go to several locations in Messines, Comines and Warneton on January 30, the regiment headquarters are in Messines/Comines. Hitler must have been there too.

TOURCOING (FRANCE)

Kronprinz-Rupprecht-Kazerne (an old spinnery)

Location: Rue de Chènes Houpline

Today: Unknown

On March 8/9 1915 Hitler’s regiment was replaced to Tourcoing to serve as reserve regiment. They find shelter inside what the Germans called the Kronprinz-Rupprecht-Kazerne, an old spinnery.

Station Tourcoing

Location: Place Pierre Sémard

Today: The above mentioned station is the modern station of Tourcoing. It’s not sure Hitler's regiment took the train at this station.

To get to Neuve-Chapelle in March 1915 the German List-regiment got transported towards Lille by train. From there they went to Marquilles by train.

ST. ELOOI (BELGIUM)

‘Left of St. Elooi’

Location: Unknown

Adolf Hitler says in a letter that somewhere in February the regiment is ‘left’ of Eloi (‘where the English were beaten’). This must have been St. Elooi (Belgium), south of Ieper. There’s a war memorial on the Armetierseweg. Near St. Elooi, along the the Voormezelestraat, is the location of the Bayernwald, but that’s not ‘left of Eloi’.


The war memorial in St. Elooi

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009)

WERVIK - ‘CROSSING NEAR MOLIÈRE’ (BELGIUM-FRANCE)

Wervik - ‘Crossing near Molière’

Location: Unknown

On February 5 the first batallion of Adolf Hitler’s regiment marches through Wervik to go to a ‘çrossing near Molière’ (as described in the regiment history). There king Ludwig III visited his troops. If Adolf Hitler was there too, is not clear.


King Ludwig ‘Im Felde’ on

February 2, 1915 (picture: delcampe.net)

COMINES (BELGIUM)

Comines

Location: Unknown

According to a vague description in the regiment history Adolf Hitler’s regiment or parts of it spent 6 days in Comines. If Hitler was there, is unsure.


The area of Lille main station in WW1 (picture: Meijer, 1934)

LILLE (FRANCE)

Lille station

Location: Unknown. The exact station from where the regiment was transported to Marquillies is unknown.

Today: Unknown

Around the 10th of March 1915 Hitler’s regiment was transported from a station in Lille to Marquillies. From there they probably marched to the front near Neuve-Chapelle.

The station of Marquillies today (picture: ter-sncf.com)

MARQUILLIES (FRANCE)

Marquillies station

Location: Rue Jean Jaures

Today: Rue Jean Jaures is the location of the station today. If that’s the same location as in WW1 is not clear.

Around 10 March Hitler’s regiment was transported by train to Marquillies. From there they went to Wicres, Le Willy and Saighin-sur-Weppes.

Shelters where the batallions of the regiment went before taking part of the Battle of Neuve-Chapelle

Exact Locations: Unknown. Since 1915 there’s a war cemetery on the Route de la Bassée in Wicres.

Around the 10th of March 1915 Hitler’s regiment was transported from a station in Lille to Marquillies. From there they marched to the front near Neuve-Chapelle. If Hitler and the regiment staff went to one of these places is unknown. During the battle of Neuve-Chapelle the regiment staff was located at the Ferme de Biez, probably near the Bois de Biez.  

WICRES, LE WILLY, SAIGHIN-SUR-WEPPES (FRANCE)

The Soldatenfriedhof in Wicres (picture: webmatters.net)

MARQUILLIES - SALOMÉ (FRANCE)

Quartier at Salomé

Location: Salomé is a village southwest of Marquillies

Today: The village is still there. The location of the ‘quartier’is unknown.

On March 13/14, at night, Hitler’s regiment marches from the front lines back to Marquillies. The regiment staff (including Hitler) goes back too. The regiment stays at Salomé for the night, after that the regiment rests at Petit Hantay and La Bourse. The regiment staff is in Grand and Petit Moisnil.

PETIT HANTAY - LA BOURSE (FRANCE)

Shelter of the first batallion of the List-regiment

Locations: Petit Hantay: Crossing of Rue Pasteur and Rue Roger Salangro (east of Salomé, south of Marquillies);

La Bourse: On the D22 between the sideways Rue du bois and Rue Roger Salingro, just a little north of Petit Hantay, is a group of houses. This must be La Bourse.

Today: There are houses on both locations.

On March 13/14, at night, Hitler’s regiment marches from the front lines back to Marquillies. The regiment staff (including Hitler) goes back too. The regiment stays at Salomé for the night, after that the regiment rests at Petit Hantay and La Bourse. The regiment staff is in Grand and Petit Moisnil.

GRAND - PETIT MOISNIL (FRANCE)

Shelter of the regiment staff

Locations: Grand: Unknown, probably near Petit Moisnil; Petit Moisnil: There’s a road called the Rue de Moisnil (D145) between Marquillies and La Bassee. Petit Moisnil might have been on the crossing of the D145 and the Route de Franquise.

Today: Unknown

On March 13/14, at night, Hitler’s regiment marches from the front lines back to Marquillies. The regiment staff (including Hitler) goes back too. The regiment stays at Salomé for the night, after that the regiment rests at Petit Hantay and La Bourse. The regiment staff is in Grand and Petit Moisnil.

LA BASSEE (FRANCE)


Between Fournes and La Bassee weergeven op een grotere kaart

Auchy, region La Bassee weergeven op een grotere kaart

La Bassee in 1917,  when the List regiment was also is in the region.

(Solleder, 1932)

A map of the so called Hohenzollern Werk, an area soutwest of Auchy, 2-8 October 1915. The map on the left could mark the same area. (Solleder, 1932)

The brewery of La Bassee

(picture:Meijer, 1934)

The channel near La Bassee

(picture: Meijer, 1934)

The channel near La Bassee

(picture: Meijer, 1934)

The station of La Bassee

(picture: Meijer, 1934)

La Bassee

(picture: Meijer, 1934)


La Bassee weergeven op een grotere kaart

Another picture of the station of La Bassee, March 1917. Max Amann (a wartime friend of Hitler and the publisher of Mein Kampf) is the man on the left.

(picture: Joachimsthaler, 1989)

The second batallion of RIR 16 in the Schlosspark of La Bassee at a  divine service outdoors in 1916

(picture: Solleder, 1932)

 THE HITLER

HISTORICAL HITLER SITES

PAGES