Unter den Linden  and Berlin North BERLIN

Grotere kaart weergeven

Unter den Linden

Unter den Linden is one of the most famous streets of Berlin. On the one side of Unter den Linden

you’ll find the Brandenburger Tor,

on the other side is the Museum Insel with the Lustgarten. Only the buildings that could be linked directly to Hitler are on this page.

1. Reichstag

2. Brandenburger Tor

3. Hotel Adlon 4. Staatsoper

5. Neue Wache

6. Zeughaus

7. Lustgarten

8. Berliner Dom

9. Alte Nationalgalerie

10. Rotes Rathaus 11. Stadtschloß

12. Bodemuseum


Reichstag (1)
Location: Platz der Republik 1

GO TO GOVERNMENT DISTRICT

Brandenburger Tor (2)
Location: Pariser Platz

GO TO GOVERNMENT DISTRICT


Hotel Adlon (3)
Location: Unter den Linden 75-77

GO TO GOVERNMENT DISTRICT


Staatsoper (Lindenoper) (4)
Location: Unter den Linden 7

Today: The original building was bombed several times during the war, it was rebuilt after the war.
On the occasion of the Heldengedenktag on February 25, 1934 Hitler spoke at the Staatsoper. Because of tension between the NSDAP and the army Hitler called the German leaders to a meeting in the Staatsoper on January 3, 1935. Hitler said in his speech that the German state rested on two pillars: the Wehrmacht and the NSDAP.
On March 16, 1935 Hitler announced German remilitarization in a speech where the ambassadors of Italy, France and England are present. The day after that, Blomberg held a speech in the Staatsoper in the presence of Hitler and August von Mackensen. The 17th of March became a remembrance day, known as Heldengedenktag.


The Staatsoper in 1832

The Staatsoper in 1935
(picture: Hauptstadt Berlin, 1990)


Hitler inside the operahouse in 1935
(picture: De Gestapo, 2004)


The Staatsoper in 2009 (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009)


The Staatsoper today

The Neue Wache in 1940

(picture: Hauptstadt Berlin, 1990)

Left: A pretty recent picture of the Neue Wache (picture: source unknown)
Centre and right: The memorial was being renovated in 2009. (pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2009)

Hitler inside the Neue Wache  (pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2009)

The inside of the memorial today (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2011)

Heldengedenktag March 15, 1942: Hitler meets with woonded soldiers in front of the Neue Wache

(picture: Neumann and Eberle, 2009)

The Alte Nationalgalerie on the Museumsinsel (pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2009-2010) Hitler at the Lustgarten during the election campagne of 1932  (picture: Hitler's Handlangers, 2004) Hitler and Goebbels at the Lustgarten on May 1, 1933

Hitler speaking at the Lustgarten on May 1, 1932

Another speech of Adolf Hitler on May the first, this time in 1936

Large crowds gathered to hear

Hitler speak

The old museum in 1910

(picture: Berlin, damals und heute, 2009)

Election campagne 1932

Goebbels opening of the Olympic Games in 1936

Hitler in front of the old museum

on May 1, 1938

(picture: Reichshauptstadt Berlin, 2009)


May 1, 1938

(picture: Reichshauptstadt Berlin, 2009)

The old museum in 2009
(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009)


The old museum in the Lustgarten.
(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009)


One of the statues today
(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009)


The old museum
(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009)


May 1, 1934: Hitler leaves after his speech. One of the statues in front of the museum is in the centre of the picture.

Berliner Dom (8)

Location: Bodestrasse, Museum Island, facing the Lustgarten

Today: During World War II the building was bombed and severely damaged. In 1975 reconstruction started. In 1993 the church reopened.

On April 10, 1935 Hermann Göring married Emmy Sonnemann at the Rote Rathaus and the Berliner Dom. Hitler was Görings best man. On February 5, 1933 Hitler spoke at the large state funeral of SA-leader Maikowski and policeman Zuaritz. 40.000 members of the SA and the SS stood in formation outside the cathedral. They were laid to rest at the Invaliden Friedhof at the Scharnhorststraße 33 (partly destroyed when the German wall was built, some stones are still there).


Inside the Dom

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009)

The wedding ceremony of Hermann Göring inside the Dom. Hermann and Emmy Göring are in front of the altar. Adolf Hitler is behind them, on the front row. (picture: Hitler's Handlangers, 2004 and some other sources)



The front row of the church today (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2010)


The Berliner Dom today

(pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2009-2015)

Hermann and Emmy Göring on the red carpet in front of the Dom after the service. Adolf Hitler is still behind them.  

(pictures: Hitler's Handlangers, 2004; Kohl, 2014; Getty Images and other sources)


Invalidenfriedhof (4)

Location: Scharnhorststraße 33

Today: Partly destroyed when the Berlin wall was built. There is still a cemetery.

The Invalidenfriedhof is the traditional cemetery of the Prussian Army since 1748. Several World War I commanders were buried here and during the Nazi regime senior officers, such as Reinhard Heydrich, Werner von Fritsch, Werner Mölders, Walter von Reichenau and Rudolf Schmundt found their last resting place here, just like Munitions Minister Fritz Todt. After World War II all Nazi monuments were removed, including the gravestones of Reinhard Heydrich and Fritz Todt. Their remains were not disinterred. The cemetery, that was near the Berlin wall, was closed in 1951. Over a third of the cemetery was destroyed to make way for watch towers, troop barracks, roads and parking lots. In 1990 the cemetery was restored partly.

Adolf Hitler was present at the funeral of some of the people that were buried here, like Heydrich and Mölders. On February 5, 1933 Hitler spoke at the large state funeral of SA-leader Maikowski and policeman Zuaritz. 40.000 members of the SA and the SS stood in formation outside the Berlin Dom. Both men were laid to rest at the Invaliden Friedhof. I don’t know for sure if Hitler also went to the Invalidenfriedhof on that day.




The old grave marker of Fritz Todt and the new one from 2004 was on the right side in the back of this picture, passed the graves and the tree in the centre of it. Since 2007 there’s no marker anymore.

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

The sign near the entrance of the cemetery

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

A new grave marker for Fritz Todt was placed in 2004, but it was removed in 2007.

(picture: wikipedia, 2004)

An impression of a part of the cemetery

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

Here the Berlin wall used to be.

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

The grave of general Von Scharnhorst

(pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

Schröder’s restored gravestone at the Invaliden Friedhof

(pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

Invalidenfriedhof - Grave of Ludwig von Schröder (4)

Location: Scharnhorststraße 33, exact locastion grave unknown

Today: Restored.

When Adolf Hitler was in Bayreuth in July 1933, he went to Berlin (by plane from München) to attend the burial of the remains of Ludwig von Schröder (who had already died in 1929) at the Invalidenfriedhof in Berlin. After that, Hitler went back to Bayreuth.



Invalidenfriedhof - Grave of Reinhard Heydrich (4)
Location: Invalidenfriedhof, Scharnhorstrasse 33, read below for the possible right sections

Today: The stone has been removed, but the grave is still there.
Reinhard Heydrich died on June 4, 1942 in a hospital in Prague as a result of an assassinated attempt by Czech agents. His body was brought to the Reichskanzlei in Berlin. He got a state funeral on June 9, 1942. Hitler held a speech inside the Reichskanzlei. After that Heydrich was brought to the Invalidenfriedhof. Hitler was there when Heydrich was buried. Himmler held a speech at his grave. It could be that the grave is still there. The stone is not longer there. I found different statements about the location of the grave. One source states that the grave is in
section A, adjecent to the front entrance. Another source speaks about section C, between the large plots of Oven and Scharnhorst. A third source states that the grave is in section C, inbetween the graves of a certain Anthes and Graf Tauentzien von Wittenberg. This last idea is found on the website ww2gravestone.com. It states: Klaus Pohle from Ottawa, Canada, very interested in war graves, made investigations after the grave of Heydrich and ascertained the right spot with photographs from the burial and the cemetery archives. He visited the cemetery and with his compositions he is sure to have found the right spot of the grave, between the graves of a certain Anthes and Graf Tauentzien von Wittenberg. He visited the cemetery accidental shortly after Heydrich's death date and the same gravestone he found, had a fresh floral tribute and a note in Polish attached to a rose.’

Heydrich’s car after the assassination attack (picture: De Gestapo, 2004)

Hitler speaks at the state funeral of Heydrich in the Reichskanzlei. (picture: De Gestapo, 2004)


Heydrich’s grave at the Invalidenfriedhof

(picture: Hitler's Handlangers, 2004)


Heydrich’s car still exists. It’s at the Military Technical Museum of the Military Historical Institute in Prague.

(picture: wikipedia, FunkMonk, 2005)


Somewhere on this side of the Scharnhorst memorial (with the statue of the lion) the grave of Heydrich might have been.

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

The area near the entrance of the Invaliden Friedhof is also mentioned as the area where Heydrich’s grave could have been..

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

A picture of the alleged grave site according to ww2gravestone.com.

(picture: ww2gravestone.com)

Heydrich’s grave marker

(picture: StevenLehrer.com)


This might be the location of the grave, but there are more possibilities.

(picture: Marco Restano)

The Invaliden Friedhof

(picture: stevenlehrer.com)

The gravestone of Mölders with behind it the remains of the Berlin Wall.(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

Hitler in front of the Reichsluftfahrtministerium. He was there for the funeral of Werner Mölders.  

(picture: copyright unknown)

Invalidenfriedhof - Grave of Werner Mölders (4)

Location: Scharnhorststraße 33

Today: Partly destroyed when the Berlin wall was built. The grave of Mölders is still there.

Werner Mölders was a German Luftwaffe Fighter ace. He died in a planecrash. He received a state funeral. From the Ehrensaal of the Reichsluftfahrtministerium he was brought to the Invalidenfriedhof. He was burried next to Ernst Udet and Manfred von Richthofen (famous pilots of WW1). Hitler attended the funeral.





The gravestone of Mölders

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

The gravestone of Mölders on the Invalidenfriedhof

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

Poststadion (3)

Location: Lehrter Straße 59, near Fritz-Schloß-Park

Today: Sportstadion. Baudenkmal since April 30, 1990. Partly destroyed in the war, but rebuilt in 1945.

On May 1, 1936 Hitler spoke to the Hitlerjugend at the Poststadion.














An old picture of the Poststadion (picture: www.stiftung-denkmalschutz-berlin.de)

The stadion is under protection of the German Denkmalschutz

(picture: silberflo, www.panoramio.com)

Left: The Plötzensee Prison Right: The execution room

Grotere kaart weergeven

Berlin North

The locations that could be linked to Hitler that are North of Unter den Linden and the Kaiserdamm are on this page and map.

1. Speer Platte

2. Plötzensee Execution Chamber

3. Poststadion

4. Invaliden-Friedhof

5. Kriegersvereinshaus

6. Theater des Volkes

7. Horst-Wessel-Platz

8. Nicolaifriedhof

9. NSDAP Gau Berlin

10. Saalbau Friedrichshain

11. Flak Tower Friedrichshain

12. Schultheiss-brewery (?)

13. Flak Tower

14. Clinic Berlin-Buch

15. Wilhelmplatz


Grave of Horst Wessel at the Nicolaifriedhof (8)

Location: St. Nicolaifriedhof: Corner Mollstrasse/Prenzlauer Allee. The grave was found in section 1, row 11, grave 2. To find its former location, follow the instructions that go with the pictures below.

Today: The cemetery was still there and so was the grave in May 2013, when I was there. The gravestone was ruined, but a part of it was still on the same location as it was. Only the name of the father of Horst Wessel, Pfarrer Ludwig Wessel was still partly readable. The surname Wessel had been removed. The original memorial was partly destroyed in 1945 and Wessel's remains were apparently removed. In August 2013 the stone was removed.

On January 14, 1930 the young nazi Horst Wessel was killed by a communist. He died on February 23, 1930. On January 22, 1933 Hitler spoke at the inauguration of the gravestone of Horst Wessel. Wilhelm Ludwig Georg Wessel, the father of Horst Wessel, was the pastor of the Nicolaikirche on the Poststraße (Nicolaiviertel) between 1913 and 1923. Horst Wessel was burried in the same grave as his father. In the year 2000 a group called the Autonomen Totengräber dug into the grave. They said they had taken the skull of Wessel to throw it in the river Spree. The police was not sure about that, because the digging didn’t seem to have gone so deep.



Hitler at the grave of Horst Wessel. Behind him on the picture is the grave with the fence around it.


The remains of the Wessel gravestone with the fence of the other grave next to it. (pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2013)


The Wessel grave as it was


The stone looks very dark here, because it was raining on the day the picture was taken. That is also the reason why the name on the stone is hard to read. Looking closely at the picture on the right you can read the words: ‘Pfarrer Ludwig’, the father of Horst Wessel. The pictures also show that people still bring flowers to the grave. (pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2013)


In August 2013, just a few months after the other colored pictures were taken, the gravestone was removed. A helpful source sent a picture of the grave site and informed me about the removal.

(picture: all rights reserved, the Hitlerpages, 2013)


Still some people lay flowers on the grave site.

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

The Horst Wessel remembrance of January 22, 1933. Hitler visites the grave. On the left side behind Hitler are the gravehouses.

 (picture: Hitler's Handlangers, 2004)


The location of the grave


Take the entrance to the graveyard on the Prenzlauer Allee, near corner Mollstrasse. Immediately turn left and walk a little uphill, along the Prenzlauer Allee towards three gravehouses that are covered with bulletholes from 1945.


In front of another memorial, next to the three grave houses, is a large tree on the left side of the path. On the right side of the stone path, directly across from the location of the tree, is a path that runs into the bushes, past the grave of the family Praedel. It has a fence around it. Next to it was the gravestone of the Wessel family.

The gravehouses near the Wessel grave today

(pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2013)

The location where Hitler stood in 1933 and 2015.

(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

Theater des Volkes (Friedrichstadtpalast) (6)

Location: Am Zirkus 1

Today: Bombed but rebuilt. Torn down again in the 1980’s, leaving an open space between surrounding buildings. In the meantime a new building is constructed in the location of the theatre.

On December 17, 1937 Hitler held a speech for the workers of the Autobahn because the 2000th kilometer was reached. On December 15, 1938 the 3000th kilometer was reached, so Hitler held another speech for the Reichsautobahn(RAB) workers.



An impression of the theatre

(picture: www.reffert.de)

The theatre and the Schiffbauerdamm in 1962. The open space on this side of the river Spree has been filled up with large buidings.

(picture: Springer, 2013)

The Bertolt-Brecht-Platz today. Here the Theater des Volkes used to be. (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

Office NSDAP, district Berlin (9) Location: Am Friedrichshain 22 Today: Publishing company When the new Reichskanzlei was ready, a new office complex for the NSDAP was built. Eagles, swastika’s and sculptures at the gates were removed after the war. Am Friedrichshain 22, today The only remains of Flaktower Friedrichshain (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)

Horst-Wessel-Platz (1933-1945) (7)

Location: Rosa-Luxemburg Platz

Today: The Horst-Wessel-Platz has had the following names: Babelsberger Platz (1907-1910), Bülowplatz (1910-1933), Liebknechtplatz (1945-1947), Luxemburgplatz (1947-1969), Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz (1969).

After Hitler became Reichskanzler the Bülowplatz in Berlin was renamed Horst-Wessel-Platz. Horts Wessel was a young follower of Hitler, who was killed by a communist in 1930.  



The Rosa Luxemburg Platz today

(pictures: the Hitlerpages, 1940)

The Horst Wessel Platz is now called Rosa Luxemburg Platz.

A picture of  Horst Wessel in Nürnberg

Kriegersvereinshaus (5) Location: Chausseestrasse 94 Today: appartments On July 5, 1929 and on September 1, 1930 Hitler held a speech at the Kriegersvereinshaus. Gau Berlin had their headquarters here since 1928. The Kriegersvereinshaus  (source: www.luise-berlin.de, copyright: Edition Luisenstadt)

Stadtschloss (11)

Location: Schloßplatz

Today: Damaged in the war. Demolished after the war and replaced by the Palast der Republik in the DDR. Now ‘three façades of the palace will be rebuilt, but the interior will be a postmodern structure to serve as a cultural-political forum’ (wikipedia)

Across the road from the Lustgarten was a royal palace called the Stadtschloss. Hitler held several speeches at the Lustgarten. A picture below shows Hitler in front of the palace.

Adolf Hitler (left) in front of the Stadtschloß (picture: Van Capelle and Van de Bovenkamp, 2007)


An animation of the Stadtschloss, as seen from Unter den Linden.


The Palast der Republik on the Stadtschloß location
(picture: wikipedia)

The site of the Schloß in 2009
(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009)

The Stadtschloß during its construction (picture: the Hitlerpages, April 2015)


The Stadtschloß a few months later (picture: the Hitlerpages, August 2015)


An old picture of the Stadtschloß


The Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum in 1900 (picture: wikipedia) The Bodemuseum today (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2012)

Zeughaus (6)
Location: Unter den Linden 2
Today: Deutsche Historische Museum                                                                                                                 

On March 10, 1940, March 16, 1941, March 15, 1942 and on March 21, 1943 Hitler held a speech on occasion of the Heldengedenktag. On that last date a plan to kill Hitler failed. ‘The plan was that on March 21, 1943, Gersdorff, as an expert, should explain individual exhibits to Hitler in the Zeughaus. While Hitler was touring the exhibition rooms, Gersdorff kept close to him constantly with two bombs in his coat pockets. But unlike in previous years, on this occasion Hitler left the exhibition after only a short tour. Hitler’s unexpectedly brief visit made it impossible for Gersdorff to carry out the assassination attempt.’ (© 1996 - 2009 Gedenkstätte Deutscher Widerstand)

Hitler speaks at the Zeughaus in 1944. (picture: Hitler, de aanslagen, 2006)


The Zeughaus houses the German Historical Museum today. (pictures: the Hitlerpages. 2009)

The Zeughaus in 1930
(picture: Hauptstadt Berlin, 1990)

Heldengedenktag 1940 at the courtyard of the Zeughaus

(picture: www.lmg-varel.de)  

Hitler at the Zeughaus in 1941

The courtyard of the Zeughaus today. Notice that the stairs have gone. (picture: the Hitlerpages, 2011)


Hitler arrives at the Zeughaus, where Hermann Göring welcomes him. (picture: stills from a movie)


The same location in front of the Zeughaus. (pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2014)


 THE HITLER

HISTORICAL HITLER SITES

PAGES

Rote Rathaus (10)

Location: Rathausstraße (Mitte) (There are two Rathausstraßes in Berlin!); The street was called Königstraße until 1951

Today: Damaged in the war, but the building was restored in the 50’s.

When Hermann Göring married Emmy Sonneman on April 10, 1935 Hitler was his best man. The wedding took place in the Berliner Rathaus. After that they went to the Berlin Dom.

The Rathaus in 1930
(picture: Berlin, Damals und Heute, 2009)


The tower of das rote Rathaus
(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2009)


Das rote Rathaus
(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2015)


Das rote Rathaus as seen from the Berliner Dom
(picture: the Hitlerpages, 2010)

Görings marriage ceremony at the Rathaus (picture: source unsure)

I don’t know where this picture was taken. Since Görings wife still wears ‘normal’ clothes, it must have been taken right before of right after the ceremony at the Rathaus.

(picture: unknown)

The Rathaus tower behind the low parts of another famous tower. (picture: unknown)

The wedding dinner took place at Hotel Kaiserhof. (picture: unknown)

Hitler at the wedding of Hermann Göring inside the red Rathaus

(picture: source unknown; Getty Images)

Hitler in front of the Rathaus. (picture: Getty Images)

Flaktower Humbolthain today (pictures: the Hitlerpages, 2014)

Flak Tower Humbolthain (13)
Location: Volkspark Humbolthain, Brunnenstrasse, Berlin-North

Today: Flaktower Humbolthain is partly demolished, but large parts still remain
Hitler had air-raid shelters built all over Germany. Hitler gave instructions to built six towers in Berlin. Three of them were realised before the end of the war, on e of them was the Flaktower Humbolthain.


Berlin-Buch, pathology clinic, Hitler’s remains (14)
Location: Exact streetname unknown, but the clinic lies in between the Wiltbergstrasse, the Pölnitzweg, the Röbellweg and the Hochbrechtsfelder Allee. Look at Google Earth for an exact placemark. For a picture, look at
www.thirdreichruins.com.
Today: The clinic is probably still there.
Some say Hitler's body and the body of Eva Braun were never found. We know that the bodies were burned in the garden of the Reichskanzlei, but what happened to the remains is not clear. Russian sources state that the remains of Hitler, Braun and Goebbels were burried in the yard of the Buch-clinic for a while. After that they were taken elsewhere.
Look here to find the different locations.

Are these the remains of  Adolf Hitler or not?

Wilhelmplatz (15)

Location: Wintersteinstraße turning into Richard-Wagner-Straße (used to be Spreestraße) corner Otto-Suhr-Allee

Today: Richard-Wagner-Platz

On April 19, 1937 Hitler spoke to soldiers of the Wehrmacht on the Wilhelmsplatz. On June 16, 1937 he spoke to 1300 faschistischen Jungführern there.



Two old postcards of the Wilhelmplatz

Schultheiss Brewery and other locations were William Patrick Hitler worked (12)
Location: The Schultheiss-brewery was located at the Landsberger Allee 24

Today: The Schultheiss-brewery is not longer there, there are some reminders in the area.
William Patrick Hitler worked in Berlin for a while, for the following companies:
1. Reichskrecht Gesellschaft
2. Opel, Rüsselheim
3. Opel Eduard Winter, Kurfürstendam 207
4. Schultheiss-brewery


House of Helene Bechstein (16)

Location: Kaiserin Augusta Allee 137

Today: The Kaiserin Augusta Allee was partly renamed in 1946. It seems like number 137 doesn’t exist anymnore. The house was probably ruined in the war, but I’m not sure what happened to it.  

On June 5, 1922 Adolf Hitler was refused as a guest by the owner of the hotel Exelsior. Edwin and Helene invited him to stay at their house. On January 29, 1933 Adolf Hitler and Karl Freiherr von Hammerstein Equord met at the house of the Bechsteins.



C. Bechstein Piano factory (17)

Location: Johannisstrasse 5-7

Today: Bombed and replaced.  

The piano factory of the Bechstein family was located in Berlin. Adolf Hitler was a friend of Helene Bechstein, the wife of Edwin Bechstein.


Kunstausstellungsgebäude

Location: Near the Lehrter Bahnhof, Lehrter Strasse

Today: Not longer there. The Lehrter Bahnhof is replaced by the new Hauptbahnhof of Berlin. Exact location of the Kunstausstellungsgebäude unknown.   

Adolf Hitler visited the Berliner Kunstausstellung on July 12, 1928.